Sodium Nitrate (NaNO 3)

Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3. Sodium nitrate is a white deliquescent solid very soluble in water. It is also slowly oxidized by oxygen in the air to sodium nitrate, NaNO3. The compound is a strong reducing agent.

Industrial UsesSpecification SheetMSDSPicturesVideo

Industrial Uses:

  • Hybrid forms of aqua regia can be prepared with the help of NaNO3. These hybrids also have the ability to dissolve gold.
  • This compound is widely used as a food additive since it acts as a preservative.
  • Sodium nitrate is used as an oxidizer in several types of fireworks.
  • It is also a component of some instant cold packs.
  • NaNO3 is one of the components used for the storage and transfer of heat in some solar power plants.
  • In order to promote the growth of Nitrosomonas bacteria, this compound is added to the wastewater in several wastewater treatment plants.
  • Sodium nitrate is also used in several rocket propellants and is known to be a substitute for potassium nitrate in gunpowder.

Agricultural Uses:

  • Owing to its high solubility in water, low cost, and nitrogen content, sodium nitrate is used in several fertilizers.
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